Basic configuration of VIM

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This article will explain about how we can configure vim for basic features like syntax highlighting, enabling numbers etc. To enable basic features of vim you need to make some configuration changes.

If you are looking for a tutorial of vim then read this article. or if you are looking for full setup of vim which is ready to install then go to my github repo of vim.


Vim by default picks its configuration from ~/.vimrc file. If you don’t have one then go ahead and create this file in home directory with following command.

Now its time to put some configuration in this file. So open this file in your favourite editor and paste the below configurations in it.

After putting all these configuration you need to source the ~/.vimrc file with the following command. And then the next time whenever you will open vim, you will see the changes made by the configuration.

syntax on
This will enable the syntax highlighting in your vim. Whenever you will open a file with some extension like, .js etc it will identify the right language and will highlight the syntax accordingly.

set number or set nu
This will enabling the numbering of lines in the left side of editor.

set cursorline
This config will highlight the current line where your cursor is present.

set clipboard=unnamed
By default when you copy something in vim, it will not copy on the clipboard in fact it will store it temporarily in a buffer. So this configuration tells vim that copy the content on the system clipboard and then you can use your copied text anywhere in your computer.

set insearch
This config helps for searching something in vim using /. it will start jumping to the occurrences of the character that you type for search. Its also called incremental search.

set ignorecase
This config also helps for searching in vim. It will tell vim to ignore the case of letters while searching for something.

set hlsearch
By default vim does not highlight the search results. If you set this option then vim will start highlighting the search results.

About Ajit Singh

Hi, I am Ajit Singh, author of I work on a lot of different technologies and tools. I started my career as a software engineer in Chennai (India) and recently I moved to Gurgaon near to my home town. I like reading and writing about technology.

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